While making websites we often consider using a lot of scripts and styles in order to increase interactivity and make the website richer. As a result, we end up with slow website, while you can of course remove those scripts and styles to make it load faster Or you can make is load faster without removing any functionality by doing some easy tricks.
CSS compressing is also a good technique to optimize website’s load time, there are many CSS minification tools too. Here is a great article on Design Shack for CSS Minification, you should definitely head over: 18 CSS Compression Tools and Techniques and one more at Cats Who Code which explains how you can do it just by PHP: 3 ways to compress CSS files using PHP.
gzip and htaccess
Understanding simply, if you use gzip or htaccess compression, what happens is your website files gets compressed, and the compressed files are send over to the web browser, and the web browser extracts it and shows it to the users. It reduces response time by reducing the size of the HTTP response, this trick is definitely beneficial. There are many tutorials for gzip compression, a good one is at Samuel Santos’ blog: Improving web performance with Apache and htaccess.
There are many websites where you can compress your code, here I am including some of the noteworthy ones.
CSS Drive Gallery- CSS Compressor
There are few extensions/add-ons too using which you can check the performance of your website and suggests ways to improve the performance. One of them is YSlow by Yahoo, it has a Firefox Add-on as well as a Chrome Extension. There is one more web based tool Page Speed Online hosted at Google Labs, which is equally good. There is also a simple gzip test tool: GIDZipTest.
Our website’s performance is an important factor, and one of the main things in it is the website load time, if our websites are slow, there are chances that user won’t return. Also, these compression techniques are easily doable by editing the .htaccess file or by adding simple snippets using php or using those web based tools. Thus, you should definitely consider doing these tricks.